On December 7, 1988, Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev, Chairman of the Communist Party of the Soviet Socialist Republics, gave his New World Order speech to the world from the podium at the United Nations. This was over a year before George H.W. Bush gave his New World Order – Rule of Law speech which was in 1990. The actual speech begins around 25 minutes into the video. Click on the image to bring up the video on C-Span to watch it.
The Color Revolutions and global discord are the result of the Global Competition of Ideas and Systems – Project Democracy that was agreed upon between Reagan and Gorbachev. The offer was extended by Reagan in 1982 and was accepted by Gorbachev in 1988. Between 1982 and 1989, Secretary of State George Shultz coached, educated and advised Mikhail Gorbachev as Gorbachev acknowledged towards the end of his speech.
The Global Competition
Mikhail Gorbachev’s speech was in response to a challenge issued by Ronald Reagan that he described in his 1982 Westminster Address. Reagan attributed the idea of a competition to Leonid Brezhnev.
The following are the major points from Reagan’s Westminster speech that was to the British Parliament but it was directed at the Soviet Union – Mikhail Gorbachev:
• Attribution of Suggestion of a Competition to BrezhnevReagan attributed the idea for a competition in furtherance of ending the Cold War to Communist Party Chairman Leonid Brezhnev. He said: “As for the Soviet view, Chairman Brezhnev repeatedly has stressed that the competition of ideas and systems must continue and that this is entirely consistent with relaxation of tensions and peace.”
On June 11, 1982, Reagan spoke in Berlin on the subject of the competition. He said:
“We in the West have made our choice. America and our allies welcome peaceful competition in ideas, in economics, and in all facets of human activity. We seek no advantage. We covet no territory. And we wish to force no ideology or way of life on others.”
• Proposal for a Crusade for Freedom – Global CampaignReagan said that military strength is a prerequisite to peace but the ultimate contest is a test of wills and ideas, a trial of spiritual resolve, the values we hold, the beliefs we cherish and the ideals to which we are dedicated. He noted the civilized ideas originating in Britain were individual liberty, representative government and the rule of law under God.
• Invitation to Consider How a Competition Could Be ConductedReagan issued an invitation to the Soviet Union to consider how a peaceful and reciprocal competition of ideas and values could be conducted. He offered Brezhnev an opportunity to speak to the American people if he (Reagan) would be allowed to speak to the Russian people. He also suggested panels of newsmen appear on each other’s television to discuss major events.
• Foster the Infrastructure of Democracy Worldwide
Reagan noted the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights – specifically as it pertains to free elections [Article 21] He said his objective with the proposed competition was “to foster the infrastructure of democracy, the system of a free press, unions, political parties, universities, which allows a people to choose their own way, to develop their own culture, to reconcile their own differences through peaceful means.”
The conference to be held in November that was mentioned by Reagan was announced by the White House on October 19, 1982.
• Democracy Development as a Government InitiativeReagan noted that since 1917 the Soviet Union has given covert political training and assistance to Marxist-Leninists in many countries. Of course, it also has promoted the use of violence and subversion by these same forces.
Over the past several decades, West European and other Social Democrats, Christian Democrats, and leaders have offered open assistance to fraternal, political, and social institutions to bring about peaceful and democratic progress.
Appropriately, for a vigorous new ––democracy, the Federal Republic of Germany’s political foundations have become a major force in this effort. Appropriately, for a vigorous new ––democracy, the Federal Republic of Germany’s political foundations have become a major force in this effort.
As a result of Reagan’s proposal, legislation was passed to establish the National Endowment for Democracy (NED).
From 1984 to this day, the President of the National Endowment for Democracy has been Carl Gershwin. Carl Gershwin was Executive Director of the Social Democrats, USA from 1974 to 1980.
The Encyclopedia online says this about Social Democrats:
The following are the major points from Gorbachev’s New World Order speech given in 1988. The last one – the COMPETITION is the war we are fighting for the heart and soul of our country today.
• Democratize the entire worldGorbachev believed the problem of mankind’s survival and self-preservation had come to the fore. He said we are witnessing profound social change. Hundreds of millions of people, new nations, new states and new public movements and ideologies have moved to the forefront of history. Turbulent popular movements have given expression in a multidimensional and contradictory way longing for independence, democracy and social justice.
• Recognition of a World EconomyA world economy has been created and it supersedes national economies. No state can development normally outside of the world economy. He said the scientific and technological revolution has turned many economic, food, energy, environmental, information and population problems are now global problems rather than national or regional problems.
• Need World Governing System for the World EconomyGorbachev said that they needed to design a “new machinery” by which he meant governing system for the functioning of the world economy and there needed to be a new international division of labor.
• Limits to GrowthFurther expansion of the industrial economy would be an environmental catastrophe but many undeveloped countries are still at the pre-industrial stage. A major problem will be the decision of how developing countries grow their economy – following the industrial model or leap-frogging development to the next stage of technology and the information age joining the search for environmentally clean technologies for production.
• Universal Human InterestsWorld progress is possible only through a search for universal human consensus as we move forward to “a new world order”. World politics should be guided by the primacy of universal human values. We have entered into an era when progress will be shaped by universal human interests. “The very concept of the nature and criteria of progress is changing”. There is a need for a fundamentally new type of industrial progress – one which would meet the interests and needs of all peoples and states.
• The International Community Must Lead Social DevelopmentGlobal problems require a new scope and quality of interaction of states and social-political currents regardless of ideological differences. The international community must learn how to shape and guide developments in such a way as to preserve civilization. By “cooperation” he means “co-creation” and “co-development”. Development at the expense of others and of nature is over.
• Use of Force Can No Longer Be An Instrument of Foreign PolicyGorbachev said he was reducing troops and tanks. He proposed disarmament to the level of adequacy for territorial defense and denuclearization.
• De-ideologicalization of the relations among states and a rivalry of ideologies among peoples.Gorbachev proposed internationalizing the dialogue and negotiating process. He mentioned the Helsinki Process – presumably expanding it to include other countries and regions such as India, China, Japan and Brazil. He proposed “an exchange of everything original each nation has independently created”. He also said that if states participate in the rivalry of ideologies, the world’s problems could never be solved. He proposed wide-spread, mutually beneficial and equitable cooperation among nations to make efficient use of the achievements of the scientific and technological revolution, restructuring the world economy, protecting the environment, overcoming backwardness, eliminating hunger, disease, illiteracy and other global scourges.
• Climate Change as a dual use term and the World Against the WestThe context in which Gorbachev used the term climate change referred to international relations among nations (i.e. end of the cold war and the warming of relations between nations) but then he immediately expanded it to include the all-encompassing definition of the world “environment” meaning the world and everything in it. He said the United Nations blends all of the interests of different states. “It is the only organization capable of merging into a single current their bilateral, regional and global efforts. New prospects are opening up for it in all areas that fall naturally under its responsibility in the political, military, scientific, technological, environmental and humanitarian areas.” Gorbachev then lists the economic designations of nation states as defined by the 1980 report of the Brandt Commission titled North-South: A Programme for Survival in which the developing countries were designated as being South – and the “wealthy” capitalist countries as North. Of course, West is also the capitalist countries and East are the Communist countries. Here is the list that Gorbachev gave: North-South, East-West, South-South, South-East and East-East. So what he is suggesting is the merger of political and military power of the communist and poor countries against the West. In other words, he was suggesting the world against the west. He then makes an economic offer to the developing countries of debt forgiveness and/or long-term extension of loans.
Gorbachev then brings in the United Nations activities as it pertains to environment. “International economic security is inconceivable unless related not only to disarmament but also to elimination of the threat to the world’s environment”. He mentions the United Nations environmental conference scheduled for 1992 in Rio (aka the Earth Summit). Then he proposes a United Nations center for “emergency environmental assistance”. Its function would be to promptly send international groups of experts to areas with badly deteriorating environment (in their opinion).
• Proposal for a World Space OrganizationGorbachev offered Soviet cooperation in establishing an international space laboratory – manned orbital station designed exclusively for monitoring the state of the environment under the management of a world space organization. He offered the Krasnoyarsk radar station as a contribution and had already put it under the authority of the USSR Academy of Sciences. The entire system would function under the auspices of the United Nations according to Gorbachev.
• Proposal for resolution of the Afghanistan warGorbachev proposed a cease-fire effective January 1, 1989. He proposed that the General Assembly of the United Nations would send a UN Peacekeeping Force to Kabul and other strategic centers. He said the Soviet Union was prepared to cooperate with the United Nations in “healing the wounds of war” in conjunction with the demilitarization of Afghanistan. He proposed a voluntary international Peace Corp to assist in the revival of Afghanistan. In the New York Times article on Gorbachev’s speech, they noted the leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), Yasir Arafat as the organization that Gorbachev had in mind to lead that effort which is probably correct because the very next thing that Gorbachev talked about was a complaint that the U.S. would not allow Arafat into the United States to address the General Assembly.
• Subjugation of national law to international lawEffectively, Gorbachev was proposing a transfer of national sovereignty to the United Nations. He said, “the concept of comprehensive international security is based on the principles of the United Nations charter and is predicated on the binding nature of international law for all states. He said, “our ideal is a world community of states which are based on the rule of law and which subordinate their foreign policy activities to law.” He suggested that “the achievement of this goal would be facilitated by an agreement within the United Nations on the uniform understanding of the principles and norms of international law, their codification with due regard for new conditions and the development of legal norms for new areas of cooperation”.
“Democratizing international relations may not only [garble] and maximum degree of internationalization in the efforts of all members of the world community to solve problems.
It also means humanizing those relations. International ties would fully reflect the genuine interests of the peoples and effectively serve the cause of their common security only when the human being and his concerns, rights and feelings become the center of all things.” Then Gorbachev referenced the Universal Declaration of Human Rights adopted on December 10, 1948.
• Greater Participation in UN and CSCE (Helsinki Commission)Gorbachev said that he intended to expand the Soviet Union’s participation in the United Nations and the Conference of Security and Cooperation in Europe human rights monitoring arrangements. He said he believed that the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice at the Hague pertaining to the interpretation and implementation of agreements on human rights should be binding on all states. He said they were going to stop jamming all foreign radio broadcasts as called for in the Helsinki process.
• Democratic Reform of the Mechanisms of Political PowerGorbachev announced amendments to the Constitution and the adoption of a Law on Elections as the first stage in the process of political reform. He announced a new program of harmonizing interethnic relations on the principles of Leninist internationalism and reorganizing the local systems of Soviet power. He said “We have become deeply involved in building a socialist state based on the rule of law…. Soviet democracy will be placed on a solid normative base. In particular he was referring to freedom of conscience, glasnost, public associations and organizations. No more jailing people for political or religious beliefs.
Gorbachev announced radical economic reform. At the beginning of 1989, he said the national economy would be redirected to new forms and methods. He announced that they were reorganizing relations of production and releasing the tremendous potential inherent in social property. (Note: on May 4, 1992, George H.W. Bush signed Executive Order 12803 ordering the sell-off of U.S. infrastructure assets.)
• Transition from Arms Race to Defense SufficiencyHe announced troop and tank reductions. Withdrawal from East Germany, Czechoslovakia and Hungary.
While announcing the steps towards demilitarization, he talked about the problem of transition from a military economy to an economy of disarmament. That included the conversion of two or three defense plants to civilian, peaceful purpose and transitioning specialists from the military industries to civilian production.
He noted that the Soviet Union was shifting its focus away from military thinking towards domestic issues that are economic, environmental and humanistic in the broadest sense. It should be noted that this statement combined with the state above about greater participation in the CSCE meant that they would be pushing and pursuing the baskets of cooperation defined in the Helsinki Final Act.
Gorbachev said, “We in Moscow are happy that an ever increasing number of statesmen, political party and public figures and I want to emphasize this—scientists, cultural figures, representatives of mass movements and various churches and activists of so-called people’s diplomacy are ready to shoulder the burden of universal responsibility. In this regard, I believe that the idea of convening on a regular basis under the auspices of the United Nations an assembly of public organizations deserves attention.” See the 1990 Moscow Global Forum and the Earth Summit.
• Competition of ideas of different social, economic and political systemsGorbachev’s words were suggestive of the rivalry of systems – and a competition to resolve the differences. His exact words were: “Profound contradictions and the roots of many conflicts have not disappeared and their remains another fundamental fact which is that a peaceful period will be taking shape within the context of the existence and rivalry of different social and economic and political systems. However, the thrust of our international efforts and one of the key elements of the new thinking is that this rivalry should be given a quality of reasonable competition with due regard for freedom of choice and a balance of interests.”
Communism didn’t die, it metastasized. Gorbachev came to the U.S. to the Presidio in San Francisco to help design westernized and modernized communist systems here.