United Nations – Human Rights
Office of the High Commissioner
The World Conference on Human Rights took place in Vienna, Austria from 14-25 June 1993. A pivotal moment, the conference’s main outcome was the Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, a common plan for the strengthening of human rights work around the world.
The conference also made concrete recommendations for strengthening and harmonising the monitoring capacity of the United Nations system. It called for the establishment of the post of the High Commissioner for Human Rights by the General Assembly, which subsequently created it on 20 December 1993.
Vienna Declaration and Programme of Action, June 25, 1993
On January 25, 1993, the new Secretary of State, Warren Christopher addressed the employees of the State Department. His message to the employees was that they were going to be formulating a new foreign policy for the United States given that the Cold War was over and the Soviet Union was no longer a threat. Interestingly, it seems like the people who were involved in foreign policy during the Carter Administration were brought back together under the Clinton Administration.
On July 21, 1993, Deputy Secretary of State, Tim Wirth announced a new Office of Global Affairs and a new mission for the State Department. The global initiatives that were the reason for the reorganization were:
- Democracy & Human Rights
- Population – reduction
- Sustainable Development
The backdrop for this story is the end of the Cold War. The timeline from the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights:
1990 – General Assembly resolution 45/155 decided to convene the world conference on human rights and establish the Preparatory Committee
1991 – Commission on Human Rights resolution 1991/30 (in E/1191/22, p. 78) made recommendations to human rights mechanisms and the Preparatory Committee
1991-1993 – The Preparatory Committee for the World Conference on Human Rights held 4 sessions from 1991 to 1993.
Cliff Wharton – Pension Fund
“Mr. President, in keeping with the general view that foreign aid must be reexamined and restructured to meet the changing challenges of the world, the Clinton administration has created a task force headed by Deputy Secretary of State Clifford Wharton. It is my understanding that the task force will soon make recommendations to re-organize foreign aid” – Congressional Record, May 24, 1993, Pages 10859-10861, Senate Concurrent Resolution 26 Relative to Global Hunger
What becomes clear listening to Warren Christopher, Tim Wirth and Madeleine Albright was that the new policy of the State Department was going to serve the United Nations. In no way was it a foreign policy for the United States and the American people – quite the opposite in fact. The bullet points for the new policy were:
Internationalization – State Department effectively becomes an agency of the United Nations – working to strengthen the UN – betraying the American people.
Localization of global affairs – nation state diplomacy replaced by missionaries for sustainable development – translated to be on-the-ground meddlers in the affairs of other nation-states and outside their bailiwick as it pertains to operations within the borders of the U.S.
Population reduction for the third world and consumption reduction for the first world – in other words, economic warfare on the American people.
In the remarks of Tim Wirth to State Department employees, he mentioned the Carnegie Report on the transition of the presidency. That report references the Global Development Report which corresponds to the new post Cold War agenda hinted at by Christopher, Wirth and Albright and as confirmed by history.
Localization of Global Affairs
Section 1. Short Title.
This resolution may be cited as the “Many Neighbors, One Earth Resolution.
Section 2. Sustainable Development Policy and Program of Action
(a) In General — The President is urged to develop and implement a coordinated economic and development policy and program of action designed to promote broad-based, sustainable development.
Carnegie Commission on Science and Technology, Presidential Transition Report and Global Development Report both published in 1992.
Tim Wirth also mentioned the Global 2000 report. This report was produced during Jimmy Carter’s Administration. It’s actually two volumes but the second volume is all statistics.
In 1993, Gerald O. Barney who was the Director of the Global 2000 project during the Carter Administration, published an updated version of the Global 2000 report:
In the year 2000, the San Francisco Chronicle published an editorial by Barney. The article reveals the religious beliefs behind the report and the project.
A related report also produced by Gerald O. Barney published in 1977, funded by the Rockefeller Brothers Fund is The Unfinished Agenda.
Warren Christopher had been the Deputy Secretary of State under the Carter Administration. He was appointed by Bill Clinton to be the Secretary of State during his Administration.
It was during the Carter Administration that the directive was given to the State Department to produce and present the global human rights report annually to Congress. Warren Christopher as Deputy Secretary of State produced the first report.
Bill Clinton appointed Warren Christopher to be his Secretary of State. The global initiatives that Tim Wirth spoke about in his remarks to the State Department employees listed above correspond to the United Nations Vienna Declaration and to the President’s Council on Sustainable Development (PCSD). Tim Wirth was appointed to be a member of the PCSD.
State Department legislation, S.1856 – Peace, Prosperity, and Democracy Act of 1994
S.Con.Res.26, May 24, 1993
Urging the President to redirect United States foreign assistance policies and spending priorities toward promoting sustainable development, which reduces global hunger and poverty, protects the environment, and promotes democracy.
Whereas the easing of Cold War tensions requires a reassessment of United States foreign assistance objectives, programs, and spending priorities, and presents a unique opportunity to shift the emphasis from military and security-related priorities to addressing the urgent and interrelated problems of poverty and environmental destruction;
Whereas nongovernmental organizations, both in the United States and in developing countries, are often highly qualified actors in promoting grassroots development, strengthening civil society, and providing humanitarian assistance;
Whereas since the mid-1980s, resources have begun to shift within the foreign assistance budget toward increased expenditures for humanitarian and sustainable development programs: Now, therefore, be it (resolved . . . )