In 2013, China announced the Belt and Road Initiative. The video on the right explains the concept.
China’s transportation project didn’t start in 2013. It was only announced in 2013. They may be exploiting the plan, but it wasn’t their plan. The idea of an international transportation system centered around transportation hubs (ports) was purely homegrown – made in America (emulating the British Empire). It has been operative since at least 1990.
This story begins on June 23, 1988 when Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke gave an address to a joint session of Congress (video on the right). He laid out his vision for a new relationship between the U.S. and Australia and other countries of the Pacific Rim.
The result of Bob Hawke’s Address to Congress was the establishment of the Asia Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) organization. The first meeting was in November of 1989 in Canberra, Australia. In his welcoming remarks to the attendees Prime Minister Hawke said the following within the context of a Pacific Century.
. . .I express my heartiest welcome to our guests today – to Ministers and senior officials from Brunei, Canada, Indonesia, Japan, Korea, Malaysia, New Zealand, the Philippines, Singapore, Thailand and the United States of America – I do so, first, with a deep sense of personal satisfaction.
But much more importantly, I do so with a sense that we are participants in an unprecedented, vital experiment in international consultation – we have made an historic breakthrough where previous efforts, for different reasons, had failed.
This is the first time the region has met, as a region, to discuss the economic future of the region.
A paper posted on the ResearchGate website titled, The Genesis of APEC: Australian-Japanese Political Initiatives by Takashi Terada of Doshisha University gives a more thorough background history of the founding of APEC.
With the benefit of hindsight, Hawke was talking about a global forum for commerce. The idea was globalization of the economies of member nations, re-distribution of commercial activity (jobs and wealth), and central planning for commercial trade facilitation for the Pacific Rim nations.
In a Background overview for the first meeting of APEC, the writer describes the objectives. The paper is written for academics so you have translate each paragraph into real language keeping in mind that they are planning the gutting of the American economy.
The areas of focus in the overview included:
- Investment and Technology Transfer and Related Aspects of Human Resources Development
- Development of Infrastructure including Telecommunications, Aviation, Maritime facilities – port infrastructure, hub and spoke links with land transport.
- Resources including Agriculture, Fisheries, Minerals and Metals
- Environment – “One of the main catalysts for action has been the 1987 Report of the World Commission on Environment and Development”
- Trade Promotion
The 1987 Report is the Brundtland Report titled Our Common Future. It’s called the Brundtland Report because Gro Harlem Brundtland chaired the commission. You can read more about these world commissions in the article titled, Rise of the Socialist International.
At the July 1990 meeting of APEC, Secretary of State James Baker III proposed as his first priority to add Transportation as an area of focus for APEC. Transportation as a subject matter is far more expansive than maritime ports and airports. In fact, President George H.W. Bush announced a new national Transportation plan for the United States in March of 1990. The U.S. Transportation plan was designed to include international corridors from Mexico to Canada for international commerce – to be part of a seamless web to facilitate North American international commerce.
Kabun Muto, the Minister of International Trade and Industry of Japan (MITI) talked about the rapid changes in Eastern Europe. He said “we should welcome and encourage the shift to market-oriented economy. (He meant Common Market not market oriented as we in America think of it). His priority for APEC was the following:
“In light of diversity in economic developments in this region, we should implement concrete and operational projects in areas such as human resource development or technology transfer. At the same time, we should implement information exchange on these policies”.
Trade Minister Muto’s fourth priority was the following:
The Environment and the Economy
Fourth, I wish to comment on one of the most important challenges confronting the mankind, that is the global environment, and global warming in particular. In resolving this problem, it is necessary to ensure the compatibility, now and in the future, of economic development and environmental protection.
This will be possible through technological breakthrough. It is necessary, therefore, to embark upon a comprehensive and long-term undertaking on a global level including technological development and transfer. For this purpose, our government is proposing a global revitalization plan, which we are calling ”The New Earth 21“, to restore over the, next one hundred years the planet Earth, which has transformed in the past two centuries. I hope that deliberations on global warming will be conducted in the APEC from such a viewpoint, including technological development and transfer in the APEC region.
Mr Chairman, as we get closer to the 21 st century, the world is indeed in a wave of globalization and the world is about to become one. I feel that it is our responsibility through regional cooperation to urge the EC integration ’92 and other regional cooperation to be open to the outside and to further promote the wave of globalization. Lastly, I would like to suggest a slogan “THROUGH APEC, ACT GLOBALLY” in order to show our dedication to the unique outward-looking regional cooperation.
Rise of the Demons of Community
Recapping the timeline of world conversion to “community” trapped in a seamless web of integrated global systems beginning with transportation:
June 1988 – Australian Prime Minister addresses a joint session of Congress
November 1989 – first meeting of APEC in Canberra Australia – “open regionalism”
1989 – Global Legislators Organization for a Balanced Environment (GLOBE) is established by “by a group of cross-party legislators from the US Congress, European Parliament, Japanese Diet and the Russian State Duma with the mission to respond to urgent environmental challenges through the development and advancement of legislation. GLOBE International was established as a non-profit international association registered in Brussels, Belgium.” John Kerry, a founder and probably Al Gore, maybe Edward Markey. ”
1990 – Moscow Global Forum for Spiritual and Parliamentary Leaders again organized by Akio Matsumura.
March 1990 – George Bush announced a new transportation plan for the U.S.
July 1990 – Secretary of State James Baker requests that Transportation be added as a priority for APEC, Japanese Trade Minister announced New Earth 21 plan and urged EC ’92 (economic community) integration (i.e. regional integration).
July 1990 – George H.W. Bush announced the Enterprise of the Americas initiative.
1991 – Legislation for new U.S. transportation plan passed in Congress. International corridors fully loaded with technology designed around transportation hubs (intermodal commerce zones).
1991 – China joins APEC.
1993 – Mexico joins APEC.
1992 – Earth Summit, United Nations Conference on Environment and Development and the Rio Global Forum for Spiritual and Parliamentary Leaders organized by Akio Matsumura. Al Gore is President of GLOBE and he said there was a “a new organizing principle for the world”.
Concurrent with Earth Summit, technology event – technology for environmental efficiency – Japan way ahead of the pack with technology to “save the planet”. Germany and Japan working together on a technology future. Germany working on automated highway systems, Japan working on robotics.
I almost forgot to tell you – Congressman Norman Mineta wrote the legislation for the North American portion of the global transportation system that China calls the Belt and Road.
Norman Y. Mineta
Former U.S. Secretary of Transportation
Mr. Mineta served as chairman of the House Public Works and Transportation Committee between 1992 and 1994. He chaired the committee’s aviation subcommittee between 1981 and 1988, and chaired its Surface Transportation Subcommittee from 1989 to 1991. During his career in Congress he championed increases in investment for transportation infrastructure, and was a key author of the landmark Intermodal Surface Transportation Efficiency Act of 1991 which shifted decisions on highway and mass transit planning to state and local governments. ISTEA led to major upsurges in mass transit ridership and more environmentally friendly transportation projects, such as bicycle paths. He also pressed for more funding for the department’s Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). Later in Congress he also served on the House Intelligence Committee.
As a result of September 11, 2001, President Bush signed into law on November 19, 2001, the Aviation and Transportation Security Act (ATSA), which among other things established the Transportation Security Administration within the Department of Transportation. During 2002, under Secretary Mineta’s direction, the department undertook the earth-moving efforts to transform, in the course of only a year, the Transportation Security Administration from a piece of paper into a fully operational agency with extensively trained new federal employees and the numerous congressional deadlines met. On March 1, 2003, the Transportation Security Agency was transferred to the Department of Homeland Security as a fully-operational agency.