Positioning for an International System
War and Progressive International Collectivization
Treaty of Versailles– established the League of Nations
Powerpoint: Refugees as a Weapons System, Empires and the Treaty of Westphalia
Dumping Ground, Part 9 of Refugees as a Weapons System, launch of international institutions, Treaty of Lausanne, end of the Ottoman Empire
Atlantic Charter: “The Atlantic Charter . . . one of the first significant steps towards the formation of the United Nations . . . joint declaration was issued by President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill on August 14, 1941”. Source: FDR Library Online, “The Atlantic Charter”
- +Treasury Secretary Henry Morganthau
Henry Morganthau, Chairman of the Bretton Woods Conference in 1944 . . . established the International Monetary Fund and the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (World Bank) and pegged all international currencies to the dollar, which was in turn pegged to gold.
As Roosevelt’s Secretary, Morgenthau was instrumental in setting up the Works Progress Administration and the Public Works of Art Project in the 1930’s.
Morgenthau and FDR New Deal monetary policy, war loans, refugee issues, post-war planning of the international financial system.
“There was, perhaps, no greater contribution made by Henry Morgenthau, Jr., during his time as Secretary of the Treasury than his advocacy and commitment to the issue of rescuing Jewish refugees from Nazi-occupied Europe. Morgenthau’s investigations into the State Department’s obstruction of rescue efforts and his presentation of the evidence to the President resulted in FDR’s creation in January 1944 of the War Refugee Board. As Treasury Secretary, Morgenthau served on the WRB, and the Board is credited with saving the lives of up to 200,000 refugees. The story of Henry Morgenthau, Jr., cannot be told without also telling the story of the War Refugee Board.”
The Refugee Weapons System: The International Rescue Committee
The Refugee Weapons System: America: Dumping Ground for the World
World Game of Chaos (Black Mountain College – FDR’s Public Works)